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By: : Alphonse Foimati, Programme Advisor

Paper presented at Papua New Guinea Mini-Conference on National Youth Service - Youth In National Development:  1996 conference proceedings

More and more young pushed out through formal system enter into bad habits. Their fight is now continuing against injustice which is caused by the formal systems. Regular criminal activities and social disturbance are becoming way of life-style for a lot of young people in Papua New Guinea.

A programme was developed in 1982 by Department of Home Affairs and Youth to give the unemployed and school leavers another chance in life. NYMP aimed to develop skills provide opportunities and relative traditional values amongst young people in the country. It was hoped the programme would eventually provide job opportunities and other service towards self reliance. However, the programme took to economic development as its main objective. It withdrew its main support within the real issues that affected the young people. Notably the basic individual needs (food, shelter, and clothing for survival).

Morobe become part of the network to implement NYMP Policy on Youth Development like all other provinces. Operations of the NYMP started in 1980 and abandoned in 1986 due to its Policy of disintegrating the young people from their families. As a result the Youth Ministry in Morobe Province initiated the move to deliver its own Provincial Youth Policy. Which was endorsed by the Provincial Government in July of 1987 has been implemented to date. The AGM for MPYC, resolved to have the Policy reviewed in order to complement the current reforms taking place.

  1. General Aims of Youth Development in Morobe Province.
  2. Decentralise decision making in Planning and Organising Youth Programmes to Community Level Youth Association.
  3. Encourage and strength the Youth Network in which youth people can be able to express their views in regard to improving their welfare, and secondly for easier delivery of good and services.
  4. Encourage Youth to participate more meaningfully with their Communities in all aspects of Development in order to raise standards of living in their respective communities.

The Programmes Promote under this Programme Bible Camps, Spiritual Rallies, Bible Study, Workshop, Pathfinders and Retreats.

Sports and Culture Activities :

Sports help to keep fit, build up body, enjoy each others company and develop certain skills in playing. Through the Division of Sport's recreation, clinics are organised and conducted in the rural area. Young people are encouraged to organise their own local tournament. It also helps to reduce pressure and keep mind and body relax.

Cultural Activities helps to identify ourselves, narrates stories of the past, appreciate value one possesses, preserve tradition and teach young generation to keep on. Youth shows have been an impact on revitalising some of this values.

Awareness Campaigns on Social Issues :

People have the freedom of choose and to do whatever they believe in. Often this freedom is abused to create problems for other people and communities; such social problems as alcoholism, drug addiction, prostitution, begging and social disturbances. Awareness campaign can be carried out for general education purposes.

Provincial and District Forums :

This is an avenue created to exchange information. Forums are intended to provide opportunities to Youth Leaders and Community Leaders to discuss issues affecting them and plan activities.


Objectives :

  1. Motivate youth groups, family units and individual young people to beproductively involved in economic, social and political activities in their communities.
  2. Encourage programmes that will re-orient the young people to become productive members of their families and be self- reliant.

Training and Production :

Subsistence Agriculture Improvement Programme (SAIP) is the Main Training Programme for young people in the Morobe Province. It emphasis improvement in subsistence agriculture methods on organic farming. Students are taught both in theory and practical situations which will help them to start their own agriculture related projects after training. Training course include compost preparations and application, soil conservation methods, pest and disease control nursery, reafforestation and cooking lessons. The training section also encourage maximum participation by the trainees to utilise the traditional food crops and increase production on their own land. It also caters for seedlings and nurseries distribution amongst the interested farmers. Hopefully, the farmers with initial assistance can be able to provide for themselves at the later time or be agents when their gardens are productive.

Other specific training courses are encouraged through specialised divisions, such courses as project management, bookkeeping, trade store management, maintenance and repair of small machinery (lawn mover, outboard motor) cash crop rehabilitation programme, animal husbandry.

Small Scale Projects and Industries :

This scheme is aimed at providing material support to youth groups, individuals young people and family units to start projects for both consumption and cash earning. The projects this scheme encourages are agriculture base such as vegetable growing; small holding of major cash crops, piggery, ducks, fishing, sheep and cattle (small holding). Other projects are supported if they have good future and can service the communities. Trade store and community centres, sporting facilities, infrastructure, or musical instruments are considered but not a priority.

Youth Mobilisation Activities :

Youth mobilisation programmes are also important in encouraging and promoting social interaction, exchange of ideas and experiences through seminars, debates, workshops and conferences. Programmes Promoted Under Youth Mobilisation are:

Spiritual Activities : Promote good neighbourhood and peaceful environment. Learn to appreciate the personal relationship with Christian Life for alternative solutions. It's also enables government and workers to brief the people on policy matters and advise on availability of resources that can be utilised.

Urban Youth Programme : Youth activities encouraged under Urban Youth Programme are:-
Casual contracts (cleaning and clearing).
Youth mobilisation activities (rallies, sports, seminars etc.).
Small scale economic projects.

Morobe Provincial Youth Council was established in 1987 to cater for youth programmes. It membership mainly consists of heads of organisations involved in youth and community development programmes and community youth associations. Roles are:-

  • Receive funds from National, Provincial Governments and Servicing Organisations and fund programmes under youth budget allocation. Governments and those group that have contributed funds.
  • Advice Provincial Minister/Chairman for Policy Development and Youth Development Programme in the province.
  • Receive and process requests by youths, NGO, families for possible financial assistance/support.
  • Liaise with other organisations on behalf of youths for assistance.
  • Implement overall government policies on youth programmes.
  • Strengthen Morobe Provincial Youth Council Network in which young people and communities can be involved in community development.

Morobe Provincial Youth Council Network - In order to implement Government Policy directions on youth development in the province, Morobe Provincial Youth Council must have its operations. The network includes District Youth Council/Associations in established District of the Province. Selection for representatives on District Youth Council is Chairman of Community Youth Associations within each Community Government areas or Constituency.

Responsibilities of District Youth Council are:- :

  • Responsible for planning and organising youth activities in line with the District Administration and Community Development Plan for respective areas.
  • Endorse, recommend and fund specific youth projects.
  • Identify specific training needs and fund training workshop/courses, within respective areas.
  • Endorse representatives to District Planning Committee and Community Government and Local Authorities.
  • Liaise with Extension Divisions, Church Groups and other organisations for technical support and advise.
  • Prepare and submit planned programmes to District Administration for Budgetary Allocations.
  • Organise District Youth Council and Community Youth Association meetings, rallies, seminars, workshops and skills training.

By: : Alphonse Foimati, Programme Advisor 1996


GEORGE H. WRONDIMI, Conference Facilitator

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