National Youth Conference 1996: Provincial, NGO & Private Agencies
The purpose of this report is to contribute by providing information on the constraints, achievements and recommendations relating to the implementation process of the National Youth Service in West New Britain in preparation for the PNG Youth towards the 3rd Global Conference on National Youth Service. Since the inception of the National Youth Service in 1991, a transitional package for National Youth Service in West New Britain was formulated and was estimated to cost K54,472.00 for a transitional period of 18 months. The package was then placed with the Department of Home Affairs and Youth for considerations. The content of the package included all the NYS component and activities which included the following. Youth Training Scheme This scheme consisted of 6 activities being :- i) Vocational Training. ii) Certificate Course. iii) Distant Education. iv) Leadership Training. v) Church Youth Living Assistance and vi) Discipline Training. Youth Entreprenuership Scheme The Scheme involves 3 activities being :- i) Capital Assistance. ii) Advisory Services and iii) Youth Enterprenuership Award. Law, Order and Community Services The scheme consists of 2 activities being :- i) Law and Order. ii) Communication. iii) Youth Exchange. iv) Urban Youth and v) Volunteer Services. PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION Awareness Campaign : An extensive awareness programme, the District Youth Councils (Forums) were revived and registration of Youth Groups began. By end of December 1992, the first lot of 67 youth groups paid registrations. A total of 109 by 1995. The establishment of the Provincial Youth Advisory Committee took effect after appointment of members in Gazette No. 22 of date 11th March 1993. The PYAC consisted of 10 members and 10 alternate members, representing churches, women, business community, urban youth, Home Affairs and Youth, 4 District representatives and other Non Government Organisation. The performance of both the Provincial Youth Advisory Committee and District Councils were not to expected standards since establishment and by end of 1994, operations came to a stand still. It is evident that the trend of registration of youth groups declined by mid - 1995. With regard to Communication, information was disseminated through radio programmes, staff meetings, correspondences, Community Youth Association meetings and patrols. The Provincial Youth Office being the centre of communication and at District level are the District Community Development Office. West New Britain participated at the 1993 Lae National Youth Forum and since then there was no follow up and clear directives as determined by the Forum. The volunteer service was implemented but were laid off in 1994; however West New Britain retained 3 volunteer until end of 1995. The Community Government system have taken this activity in to their programme and to date it is not clear as to how many Community Government still engaged in Youth Volunteer Services. The Church Youth Wing with Government funding support have been carrying out spiritual oriented Youth Exchange Programmes. The Urban Youth in West New Britain consist of Kimbe Town Youth Population and the Oil Palm resettlement scheme youth population. The urban drift rate is increasing at an alarming rate since the 1994 Rabaul volcanic disaster and law and order problems have also increased. Youth Training The Vocational Training and Distant Education programmes are on going as co-ordinated by specific agencies. There was very little effort put in by district based staff of Home Affairs and Youth on training programmes apart from a Leadership and Project Management Certificate Course in April 1994 and specific skills in Awareness Community Theatre Training in 1994 and 1995. Youth Entreprenuership Under this component, a total of K17,000.00 - was made available out on loan to youth groups through the RDB credit facilities in 1995. The advisory services on this capital assistance programme was very much lacking at District level which resulted in only 9 youth groups that received credit facilities - 1995 from the Rural Development bank in Kimbe. Law, Order and Community Services - The law and order problem in the urban centre of the province is frightening and urban drift from within and outside the province has been increasing for the last 2 years going to its 3rd year since the 1994 Rabaul Volcanic Eruption. West New Britain is the connection point between New Guinea Islands and the main land of Papua New Guinea. This has a big impact on the law and order situation in this Province. On the other hand community services programmes are coming into place to address unemployment issues, health issues, environmental issues and spiritual programmes. A specific programme on Awareness Community Theatre through financial support from the Foundation of the People of the South Pacific now in place to work with youth groups is dramatising issues with emphasis placed on health issues. FINANCIAL STATUS The Provincial Youth Development Programme have been allocated funds to a maximum amount of K7,000.00 in 1993 and then reduced to K5,000.00 in 1994. In 1995, the programme received the highest of K30,000.00 which was allocated to Districts and in 1996 the allocation is K30,400.00. The other financial support was through credit facilities of the Rural Development Bank Youth Mini Local Scheme. The NGO programme is being sponsored by the Foundation of the people of South Pacific in the form of materials and services. CONSTRAINTS The implementation of the National Youth Services encountered some major constraints including :- lack of financial support for the provision of all required resources to enable full implementation of NYS programme. lack of awareness on the implementing procedures by Community Development Officers at District level. NYS network is ineffective at Provincial and District levels. lack of continuous awareness and communication links on the programme for National, Provincial down to District level. COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATION The National Youth Service programme in West New Britain seem very relevant and appropriate since its inception in 1991. It is highly recommended that the Mini PNG Conference on National Youth Service critically look at the constraints outlined in this brief report.
This report is the Eastern Highlands Provincial Youth Profile on the Youth Programmes implemented in the Province. It will briefly look at the Provincial Government Goals as enshrined in the Provincial Constitution, the Mission Statements of the Division of Home Affairs and Youth, the objectives of the Division to fulfil the Mission and attain the Government Goals, some facts and figures on Youth, the Programmes implemented which will be discussed under four main topics. These are Network and Communication, Training, Projects and Law and Order. The report will touch on the failures and successes of the Youth Programmes, followed by the possible trend of Youth Development in Province in regard to the Government Reforms and finally the Conclusion. Eastern Highlands Province is bounded by four (4) Provinces in the Morobe, Simbu, Gulf, and Madang Provinces. It is the second largest Province in the Country. The Province is notable for its rugged mountains and fertile valleys. The valley floors are generally covered with grass, the foothills with light scrubs and grass and the mountains with dense forest graduating to sub alpine on the highest peaks. The altitude varies form 600 metres in Southern parts to 3,760 metres at Mt. Michael, in Lufa District. The total area is approximately 11.347 square kilometres. The population of Eastern Highlands according to the 1990 Census is 300,648. There is an estimated 2.1 percent growth per year. The climate is uniform throughout the year with cool nights and warm days. Annual rainfall is between 1,520 and 3,300 mm. There are 2 seasons, wet and dry with the latter extending from June to October. The Provincial Headquarters is Goroka located on the Okuk Highway. There are 8 districts, each district with its district headquarters and council area. The districts are:- DISTRICT POPULATION Goroka (Headquarters) 99,665 Henganofi 37,685 Kainantu 83,014 Lufa 30,933 Okapa 38,933 Wonenara (Marawaka) 11,933 Two (2) new districts having recently been gazetted are Unggai/Bena and Daulo (Asaro/Watabung). Population is evenly distributed throughout with Goroka District being the largest and Marawaka the lowest. With over 1,500 km of road, the Province has one of the most extensive road networks in the country. All districts are accessible by road, except the Marawaka District which is only accessible by air. Recent network of roads from Menyamya in Morobe to Marawaka has made it possible to travel by road via Bulolo and Menyamya. Eighty percent (80%) of all Eastern Highlanders depend wholly or partially on agriculture for their livelihood. The illiteracy rate of the women is much higher than that of men. During the last 4 years, out of the 3,150 or so students who sat for grade six exams, only 1,000 managed to continue on to grade 7, because of no spaces in the 8 Provincial High Schools, although over 2,000 of them passed the exams. The remaining either continue on to CODE, or become part of the growing number of unemployed youth. Eastern Highlands similarity, as in other Provinces is now undergoing changes to implement the "Reforms". PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT GOALS The five Principle Goals as enshrined in the Provincial Constitution are:- a. "Maintenance of Peace, Unity and brotherhood amongst out people". b. "Enhancement of dignity of people through Universal Education". c. "Promotion of moral, cultural, economic and social advancement of our people". d. "Safeguard of land and natural resources". e. "Maintenance of rights of individuals". f. The people also adopted:-"Integral Human Development" and Equality and Participation" as stipulated in the National Constitution as a basic also for development of this Province. MISSION AND OBJECTIVES To provide and encourage Community participation in Community Development and Social Welfare Programs to improve the well-being of the people of the Eastern Highlands Province. There are nine (9) objectives set out to accomplish the mission of the Division of Home Affairs and Youth. The particular ones which relate to Youth Programmes are:- 1 To develop and implement Community Development training towards improvement of basic needs and skills. 2 To facilitate Community Participation in all aspects of development. 3 To encourage the involvement of the Community in income generating projects and employment opportunities. 4 To maintain liaison and co-ordination with appropriate organisations to provide assistance to Community Groups. 5 To provide administrative back up services to the Department of Eastern Highlands in the implementation of Youths, Women, Welfare and sports functions. 6 To provide Executive back up services to the Youth, Women and Sports Councils (Networks). 7 To create awareness on law and order and build better working relationships with Communities and law enforcing agencies. FACTS AND FIGURES ON YOUTH The Eastern Highlands Province does not have a Provincial Youth Policy to date. An attempt was made this year, 1996 and the result is a draft on file. 5.2 Youth Population in the Province make up about 60% of the total population. 35% of these are female while the other 25% are male. Records show that previously under the National Youth Movement Program, a total of 1,500 plus Youth Groups throughout the Province registered with the Provincial Youth Office. With the introduction of the National Youth Service, the number dropped drastically to less than four hundred (400). All registration under the NYMP were cancelled and considered Null and Void. Registration Fees under NYS are K50.00 for Urban Youth Groups and K30.00 for Rural Youth Groups. Our number of registered Youth Groups jumped the highest between June 1994 and June 1995. The same time the Youth Mini Loan Scheme was in full swing. Our records show 23,015 young people are members of registered youth groups which receive some assistance through Government Youth Programs while 143,293 do not benefit at all or are yet to receive some sort of Government Services. Between 1991 and 1993, the Youth Section had two Permanent officers and two casuals, 1994-1995 one officer, and two casuals and 1995-1996 one officer and one casual. The work load is high but the manpower is low. Figures of young people being pushed out of the Education System and looking for jobs is rising every year. Less than 1/3 of the Grade six (6) students who sit for their final exams are given a place at High Schools while the remaining 2/3 are left out. Since the introduction of the Pokies Machines in the Eastern Highlands, more and more children are skipping classes or absconding. A lot of young people are taking drugs in schools and in homes and villages. TYPES OF PROGRAMMES As mentioned in the Introductory part of this paper, the Programmes implemented will be discussed in four main sub-topics. These are Network and Communications, training, Projects and Law and Order. Network & Communication We still maintain Communication with our youth networks. These are the Provincial Youth Advisory Committee, the Urban Youth Management Team, District Youth Forum and the Community Development and Social Welfare Programs. At times we use the Youth Network to carryout women and sports activities. We also have a good working relationship with church youth groups, NGO Groups and other appropriate Government Organisations. Our Provincial Youth Advisory Committee was formed on the 25th of May 1991 and endorsed by the PEC on the 17th of July, 1992. Our Provincial Youth Chairman and Urban Youth Vice Chairman are here with us today. Training Between 1991 and 1995, we had a number of Training Workshops but these are not many. Beginning of 1992, there was the 1st Phase Induction and Training for Community Development Volunteers, Book-keeping, Drug and STD Awareness and Trukai Leadership and Youth Sports - Besides these, there were no major training workshops: However, we do carryout Education and awareness on various issues related to our field of work when asked by individual Youth Groups and Church Organisations on special occasions. Projects Under Projects, our Office assist the youth Groups in three main ways. The three are Spiritual, Social and Economical. (i) Under Spiritual Projects, we give mainly financial assistance to church youth groups to help them carryout their spiritual programmes or to set up small projects to earn some income for their youth activities. (ii) Social projects refer to such things as, construction of a school classroom, a new airstrip, upgrading a sports field; purchasing sports equipment and trophies for a village youth sports tournament, engaging youth groups on Contract work with the Youth office, Town Authority, and the Provincial Government Works Unit. Adult literacy and Tokples Pre-schools Programme is now an integral part of our Office and a lot of young people have shown some interest. When we have funds available, we give financial assistance to these above mentioned projects. (iii) Economic Projects are greater in number compared to the other types of projects. During the NYMP Period a lot of economic projects were funded. In the early years of the Introduction of the National youth Service, we funded 17 Youth Projects with some funds that the NYS gave. Following this there were very few or no projects funded, until the birth of the youth Mini Loan Scheme in 1994. Registration began soon after June 1994 and a Committee was formed to screen Project Applications. Between June, 1994 and October 1995, when the funds were exhausted, Rural Development Bank records show that, Eastern Highlands Youth Groups took out a total of K94,874.00 in loan. Problems associated with the Loan Scheme have been:- 1. There was a influx of Youth Groups wanting to register during this mini loan scheme period. 2. Wantok System and Bribery were mingled with work to approve projects. 3. Loan Repayments are not up to date. 4. No clear guidelines on how to lay charges against Youth Leaders who misappropriate funds. 5. No funds were given for administrative and transport cost incurred in actually implementing the scheme and its requirements. 6. Technical Support Staff on the screening Committee and doing feasibility study reports gave first priority to their professional and paid jobs. Solutions suggested are:- 1. The Rural Bank Manager has called for the Screening Committee to be revived and that, all heads of Technical Divisions should be on the Committee with a Senior Officers. This goes also for Private and Business Organisations on the Committee. 2. Youth officers will now look at suing leaders of Youth Groups who owe money to the scheme. This means physically going out and visiting the Project sites and the Youth Members. 3. Proper Organisation and planning has to be done between Youth Officers and Technical Officers and Bank Officers to share resources and costs to do pre-funding and projects funding Project visits. Law and Order Activities under our Law and Order Programs mainly come under the Drug Education and Awareness Program. The Office has conducted a Youth Drugs and STD/Aid workshop at NSI in 1994. From this workshop, about two or three youths have taken on the challenge to carry out their own Education and Awareness in the Community which they live in. An AOG Youth Leader, frequently gives talks on the Provincial radio Station - on the Youth Work Segment to educate young people on the dangers of Drug. On many occasions, we have been invited to give talks at Youth gathering on Law and Order issues. Welfare and Drugs being the main issues on discussion. The Eastern Highlands province has a Drug Education and Awareness Committee, in which Youth is a member. Through the Youth Office awareness has spread to settlements. The Office has helped set up"Youth Drug Enforcement Committee" made up of unemployed and ex-criminals living at the Goroka Settlement, and the other 6/9 settlements in and around Goroka Town. Awareness campaigns carried out by the group is guided by the Office, and the groups leaders. Most business houses in Goroka have assisted with small amounts of cash and by donating sugar, coffee and other food times and materials, to assist in operations of the awareness campaign. Due to in-fights and misunderstanding amongst the members of the groups, the office has advised the group to cease activities, and re-organise themselves. This project we hope will continue next year, once all their problems are fixed. POSSIBLE TREND ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO THE GOVERNMENT REFORMS (i) In line with the"Reforms" Provincial Departments have restructured to cater for all government functions to be decentralised to districts. Provincial Divisions of Community Developments have undertaken this task however, infrastructural developments and improvements need to be in place before staff can be physically located in the districts. Manpower is currently inadequate to implement the reforms, unless the new structure is implemented. Lack of finance to implement the structure is another concern. (ii) The Youth Network under the NYMP, now NYS already"in place" seems to be a step in the right direction of the reforms. However, the following must be addressed: 1) Provincial Youth Policies to be in place, in consistent with the National Youth Policy. The National Policy needs to be responsive to Provinces and if it is still being reviewed Provinces to wait for the final approval by the proper authorities before Provinces do come up with their own. This then will ensure and maintain some uniformity in youth development programs throughout the country. 2) District Forums/Associations must be reactivated/strengthened with possible funding; some for administration costs and programs. The chairman of District Forums, be a representative for Youth on the J.P & B.C.P. 3) At the Local Government Levels, the Community Development Volunteer Scheme be reactivated, and the scheme be funded, whether by NYS or the Local Level Government, so that youth programs are sustained. CONCLUSION Youth Development is an integral part of the Nation's Development and in order for the nation to prosper, the Government must be willing to listen to young people and act accordingly. This has been lacking in the last few years. Now that the Government Reforms are in a transitional phase, youth development programs expressing their realities and needs of youth, must be integrated in all developmental program at local districts and provincial levels. Youth must be involved in the decision making process at the local district, and provincial levels, so that one of the nations preambles of participation by all citizens in the development process of this country is achieved.
The East Sepik Province is now at the stage of reviewing its past programs with the ultimate aim of providing new directions for youth in development and re-strengthening the 6 Districts, 1 Urban and the Provincial Level Youth Network. Problems associated with the National Youth Services in terms of lack of funding in 1992 onwards, and too high a dependency on the National Headquarters had contributed largely to the downfall of youth anticipated programs. East Sepik has been hard hit affecting delivery of service from its capital to districts. As such, the Division of Community Development and the PYAC Chairman are in the process of organising its first workshop in early November 1996 beginning with Wewak Urban Zone Youth leaders. The theme"Youth for a better Sepik" will be used overall in the review in the East Sepik Province. It is anticipated that the review carries a cross sectional analysis involving parents, village community leaders, school age children, the unemployed, women leaders, youth leaders, etc. The review will re-look at the current provincial network and its link to the National Youth Service to make changes, (which are long overdue) aimed at relying less on National Headquarters and geared towards strengthening the Provincial base (which are the Districts). a) Clear mission statements. b) Strategic directions in responding to above (a). c) Knowing/Understanding and Acting on Youth Socio-Economic needs. d) Key targeting result areas. e) Re-organising the Urban, six (6) Districts and the Provincial Youth Network. This includes looking at alternative means and sources of funding apart from the government. f) Programs to address all other youth issues on health, education, law and order, drugs etc. In its review, the province welcomes suggestions, comments etc. from participating provinces at this conference for our future use in our review.
This write up is to clarify what forms of developmental programmes are available in the province in so far as youths are concerned. At the same time, this will serve as a document on youth development in the province. The Madang Provincial Government under its recurrent budget has funded the 1996 Youth Development Programmes in conjunction with the Madang Provincial Youth Movement Programmes. The figures are no different to 1994 and the 1995 financial years. The Office of Social Development being the monitoring source didn't anticipate anything more due to the changes being experienced through the reforms. Although reforms at this stage is a cart before the horse, we are content with what was given to us to continue our efforts in youth promotion. A round figure of twenty thousand kina (K20,000.00) was given for Youth Development Programmes under Item 144. In 1994 through to 1995, the province assisted in implementing the National Youth Service (NYS) an initiative of the National Youth Office but due to a lot of hiccups, this programme subsided totally in 1996. Many groups in the province participated by paying in their fees to become members, but for some unknown reason they were never issued with their certificates and with that no application were given for loans with the Agriculture Bank. 1996 is worse still as groups are still inquiring on the progress of the process of the scheme and what is becoming a headache is the fact that groups are now demanding refunds. What can we do in the province when the fees paid by the groups were on a national revenue vote. This has resulted in a total decline and thus NYS scheme is more or less dead in the province this year. This is briefly the State of Youth in this province. YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PLAN The information given earlier does not necessarily mean that Youth Development initiatives are dead and gone. We have a plan is consistent with the reforms and with the push behind the reforms, we anticipate success especially now that Madang Province is said to be a model in this system of Government. POLITICAL PROVINCIAL YOUTH ADMINISTRATION YOUTH STRUCTURE STRUCTURE STRUCTURE ADMIN. PEC PYC PA ADDSS JDBP & PC DYC DA PCSS LLG LYC SDA YO YGS PEC PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COUNCIL PYC PROVINCIAL YOUTH COUNCIL PA PROVINCIAL ADVISOR ADSS ADVISOR SOCIAL SERVICES JDBP & PC JOINT DISTRICT BUDGET PRIORITY & PLANNING COMMITTEE DYC DISTRICT YOUTH COUNCIL DA DISTRICT ADMINISTRATOR PCSS PROGRAMME CO-ORDINATOR SOCIAL SERVICES LLG LOCAL LEVEL GOVERNMENT LYC LOCAL YOUTH COUNCIL SDA SUB DISTRICT ADVISOR YO YOUTH OFFICER YGs YOUTH GROUPS RESPONSIBILITIES PROVINCIAL HEAD QUARTERS CO-ORDINATOR MONITOR POLICY IMPLEMENTATION PROVIDE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE DISTRICT HEAD QUARTERS MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAM PLANNING SUB DISTRICT OFFICE IMPLEMENTATION
This paper provides a brief analysis on Youth Development emphasising on Changes that have occurred in Bougainville in three general time frames; Youth in Pre-crises Bougainville, During Crisis, Youth Present Time. Secondly it highlights the current Programmes we have on the ground on Rehabilitation, Peace, Collaboration and Networking with NGOs and the Demobilisation and Reintegration of Bougainville Youth. This article is summary of the efforts and processes undertaken on various categories by the different players on Bougainville. However for the purposes of this Conference the process is narrowed down to that on the analysis of Youth in three general time frame - Pre-crisis (1970 - 1988), during Crisis (1990-1994) Youth Present time (1995 current). The paper will also attempt to highlight activities in which youth had tried to involve in during each given time Frame. North Solomon Provincial Youth Council. (1980 - 1988) Bougainville used to enjoy one of the most successful Youth networks in the country following the years up to the crisis. The Provincial Youth network had even stretched down to the very fabric of the community the family. For instance in 1987 we were about to fund the first six (6) pilot family projects in the areas of Agriculture, small scale logging, fisheries, poultry, piggery and handicrafts. The philosophy of concentrating on family groups was prompted by the very scarce Government resources which were hardly reaching the majority of young people in their communities. Other factors would also be levelled at the type of developments taking place then, which concentrated mainly in the industrial areas of Panguna, Arawa, Kieta and other main centres of Bougainville. Sadly the idea didn't go too far as the Bougainville Revolutionary Army had over taken the structure and Network of the PYC overnight to carryout their speedily and destructive maneouvers to Government, BCL and other private Companies infrastructures and properties. YOUTH (Pre Crisis 1970 - 1989) Education Activities - The Post Western Contact period introduced formal schooling, and missions, both of which taught a whole generation of youth that their own cultural foundations were"primitive" evil and inferior to the Modern European ways. Youth learned to distrust the local knowledge of their parents and elders. Some youth went away to college and universities and then came back to try to help their communities with education and development programmes. The majority dropped out from grades 6 and 10 and many of them ended up in towns trying to find jobs which were not readily available. Community Involvement : Youth came to believe they knew more about the"real world" than their elders. They began to look upon the authority of parents and elders and less and less and even with disdain. Open rebellion against parents and elders became common place. Many marriages took place outside the traditional structure which has serious implications for land tenure. Individualism replaced Communalism as a prime life guiding value. (the"me first" generation - laik bilong way wan.). Many no longer vexed themselves as being responsible to any one but themselves. Youth no longer observed traditional clan obligations and customs related to marriage death and sharing wealth. Economic Activities : Young people began demanding leadership roles, feeling they knew more about the world of Government and cash economy then their elders. In some areas conflicts over resources, development choice and the distribution of the benefits of development arose. Youth wanted a greater voice and a bigger share of the benefits. Youth Structure/Programmes : Youth Organisations (through churches and government agencies) encourage peers as reference groups (i.e. peer as primary influence in ones life.) over clan as primary reference group. Very few programmes addressed youth needs for personal growth, healing and on-formal learning for development. Political Activities : Youth felt powerless in the face of the Government Political leaders were perceived as reaping the benefits of development. YOUTH DURING THE CRISIS (1989 - 1994) Youth Structure/Networking During the Crisis youths went all over the North Solomon and established a wide and comprehensive network. This network must now be harnessed for the benefit of the Province. Youths mobilised themselves and even claimed the right to lead by force and terror. Using the network many (male) youth took part in marauding gangs attacking villages in other language groups, and often committing terrible atrocities such as pack rapes, murder by dismemberment or burning alive, torture, beating or killing of children, and the spread of terror. Approach to Society : The frustration of large parts of the Youth population explode into violence. Power was seen to come from the barrel of the gun. Retaliation against any form of Government (traditional or Western) was attempted by Youths in the name of freedom. During the crisis traditional leadership became strong again. Youth came into conflict with them because the young had very different ideas about the future then the elders. Violence as a means of getting what you want or solving conflicts became acceptable and normal. Mental attitude that having a gun gives the right to power leadership and law. Common belief spread that once you get a gun, you don't need to respect elders or follow rules. Youth Network/Structure Youth groups need technical help and money to build adequate youth programme. They are now not getting the help they need from the Government. Youth unemployment is a very serious issue. It is widespread and dangerous. Education Most youth desperately need education in many areas: spiritual, personal, social, economic, political, education to prepare them to participate in development. Now nothing is available to promote the learning that is needed. Youth view on Government There's a high degree of criticism and frustration at the way Government Commonly handles youth affairs (unkept promises, misuse of youth funds, no priority or support for youth programme). YOUTH PRESENT TIME (1995 CURRENT) The Department of Bougainville in consultation with the Department of Home Affairs have developed a Rehabilitation package aimed at Physical and Spiritual transformation and personal healing and Re-education. The current tendency is to target youth programmes to boys and to forget, the needs for girls and young women. Special attention is needed to developing programmes that also address female needs. The safety of girls is now a serious issue. Many boys have no respect for women. There are lots of rapes teenage pregnancies etc. Counselling sessions and trauma healing processes are urgently required. Youth and Peace Process Many boys learned to make their own guns, so legislation against may not solve the problem we have to reach the hearts and minds of youth. Many youth"grew up" in a war zone (i.e.: becoming adults) during the crisis. These formative years have left dangerous habits of thought, as well as scars for traumas occurring during the crisis. Healing Rehabilitation and re-education processes and critical need until many young men (and women too, but especially men) go through some kind of healing and re-learning process, they will not be able to participate fully in the development of themselves, their families and communities or their country. The war zone"software" now operating in many kids heads needs to be changed. Trust Building Through sports which draws youth from old over the Province for the first time to certain locations to play live together for a week Linkage with trust building project - MRA - PNG, Milne Bay vs. Bougainville. Buka, Siwai 9 months - Exchange Programme between people from Kieta in Alotau. A need to develop a bit more on trust building perhaps with other Provinces and abroad e.g. Solomon Islands. Non Combatant Youths in District Peace Committees (Develop on this). REHABILITATION AND PEACE PACKAGE/PROGRAMME 1 Peace Development The objective of the Programme is to achieve full community reconciliation, total community healing, imparting skills to mediate and facilitate the implementation of Peace process in Bougainville. This programme involves carrying out:- Awareness programmes on Peace and Reconciliation Training of Youths, women and other community leaders on Peace Education and Conflict resolution. Constructing programmes on healing and stress management and Acquiring skills in Dialogue, Negotiation and Mediations. Acquiring skills in facilitating peace processes in the communities. Acquiring skills in facilitating peace processes in the communities. The Peace Programme is consists of the following sub components: Peace Education. Peace Meetings. Conflict Mediation and resolution... Trust building. Counselling. Healing and stress management. Research and planing into Peace areas. Recovery process including Disarmament etc. Awareness - Community. Peace Negotiations. Programme on Reducing Crimes (PORC) Moral Education Dialogue. Major Performance Indications for the Peace Programme are people going about their normal lives, characterised by: Peace, reconciliation and mediation experienced and lived by every community, village, clans and individual throughout Bougainville. Peace loving people linking and collaborating with others as they build together an united Bougainville Community. Instil new hope, love, trust and respect for individuals and properties. All churches on the Island working together. Sound leadership and governance at all levels including the revitalisation of social, economic, political and spiritual structures. 2. Youth and Womens Entrepreneurship : The major programme objective is to achieve total participation of Youth in basic income generating projects. This programme involves three (3) fundamental areas: Identification of income generating projects. Prioritising and allocating projects to districts based on each district needs. Establishing and strengthening effective management and accountable mechanism to facilitate the programme. Programme Components are Project identification, feasibility study, project design etc. Provision of financial support Project Marketing and funding Project monitoring and evaluation Skills in management and bookkeeping. Major Performance Indicators are : Viable income generating projects identified and Feasibility studies carried out. Ongoing basic income generating projects strengthened and supported. Financial supports resources from National and Provincial Governments and other donor agencies. More projects being implemented in the communities. Effective management and accountable mechanisms established. A pool of skilled manpower and an effective and sustainable institutional capacity for the project is realised and utilised in the Province. 3 Youth Development Programmes : The main objectives of the programme is to enable Youth to literally and practically participate to the best of their capabilities and capacities both in shaping their own programmes and in their personal and self development. The programme involves seven (7) development components aimed at achieving the following skills: Skills in mobilisation, networking, collaboration and communication. Skills in implementing and hosting exchange Programme Skills in drafting, planning and formulating policies. Skills in establishing and managing small scale businesses (e.g.) Youth Development Foundation. Skills in developing curriculum for capacity building. This programme has six (6) sub programmes or components:- Youth Seminars, Conference, Forums, awareness festivals and training workshops. Youth Exchange Programmes or schemes: -Faith and Cultural exchange scheme -Work placement programme -Skills exchange scheme -Study tour. Youth Policy and Planing. -District Consultation -Provincial Consultation -Drafting Policy documents -Printing and launching. Youth Development Foundation. -District Consultation -Feasibility Studies -Launching Youth Curriculum Development. -Manual on capacity Building -Manual on Youth programming -Manual on Vision building -Manual on how to conduct workshops -Manual on recovery and peace education. Strengthening Capacity. Skills training in the following: -Leadership -Programme Planning and management -Financial management. Major Programme Indicators are : Realising effective co-ordination, collaboration and networking. Skills in all aspects of developments are raised high (e.g.) leadership, management. High number of exchange programmes and proper management and planning courses implemented. Various Youth Development manuals written. 4 Spiritual Rehabilitation The major programme objective is that through the faithful preaching of the Gospel of Salvation in Jesus Christ the foundation for true reconciliation will be established in the personal relationship with God. The Christians and churches together as the Body of Christ find the ways and means acceptable to God for Peace and harmony as we move towards a New Bougainville. Programme Components are Evangelism Churches Dialogue (ecumenism) Training Administrative Co-ordination. Performance Indicators are Peace of mind is experience by Individuals as God intervenes. Love is restored back into the families. Peace and reconciliation that wells out of the inner beings as the result of Gods transforming Power. Skills of evangelising, counselling and principles of Christian leadership at family and congregational levels achieved. 5 Trust Building Program : The role of providing basic services in trust building. Reconciliation and healing. At individual and community levels Churches in PNG vs. churches in Bougainville Organisations in PNG vs. communities and individuals in Bougainville (e.g.) the Moral rearmament group in Milne Bay having exchange Programme in Bougainville. Promoting a type of Development following the visions of the Bougainville People. (New Vision New Society) what are the people saying what need to be done about it and how is it important to trust building. Examples of trust building initiatives : The State : Basic Services - health, education infrastructure. Need for an equitable system of delivery. Security Forces : Non - combat positions. Use of local mechanism to establish Peace (e.g.) Council of chiefs. Peace Committees, womens groups. Bougainville Transitional Government : Negotiate a political future Amnesty and pardon Policy and Framework. Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Bougainville Interim Government : South, Central and North East factions working for Peace with Interim Authorities and resistance Forces. Interim Authorities (Peace Committees) : Basic Services Peace Committees. NGOs and Churches : Peace Education; Conflict Resolution and Counselling by NGOs Trust building between Bougainvillians and Papua New Guineans. Churches - Peace Ceremonies and Spiritual Rehabilitation. Women Act as a "Go between" the BRA and Interim Government, BTG or Security Forces. Peace Ceremonies e.g.: Catholic women's Peace Mass at Hahela in February 1996. Inter-church womens forum meeting in Arawa August 1996, and meeting with BRA commanders at TOBOROI, Kieta. Peace and Reconciliation Missions with the rest of PNG. 6. Healing: Trauma Counselling : The Programme aims to bring about insight and an increased awareness of one's own story and the stories of others. The programme concentrates on hearing the story and teaching the participants fundamental listening skills as a priority. 7. Collaborations and Networking with NGOs Due to the Bougainville crisis there is a vast interest for National and International NGOs wanting to help with the restoration process. On the ground, community based organisations including church groups are also emerging. Therefore a co-ordinating mechanism has been established comprising of members of major NGOs, Churches and representatives of the Bougainville Administrations. Currently there is great need to strengthen the networking, and capacity building and of course the resourcing component of the programme. 8. Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex combatants and Non Combatant Youth: This programme area is in the planning stage awaiting the endorsement of the Policy and the cessation of the Conflict on Bougainville. POLICIES Youth Womens Sports (draft) Recovery process (draft) Local Level Government. SUMMARY/CONCLUSION Bougainville crisis has left spiritual, psychological and social wounds in almost everyone both in Bougainville and Papua New Guinea. The envisioning of an ideal Bougainville which is peaceful, loving and caring has to be practically realised through sharing of resources and developing programmes based on those needs on the ground. This is what is actually happening. Perhaps at the end of the day, the Province will once again contribute meaningfully to the development of our Nation with much sensitivities and cohesiveness. RECOMMENDATIONS 1. That a National Peace Development Plan or Action Plan be developed through the Department of Home Affairs. 2. That Exchange Programmes be encouraged supported and strengthened, between provinces and specially between Bougainville and other PNG provinces.
This profile is intended as an information paper with comments and recommendations anticipated for the 3rd Papua New Guinea Mini Youth Conference on National Youth Services from 7th to 11th of October 1996, in Port Moresby, National Capital District. The information presented in the profile are facts and figures through resources available at both internal and external avenues, and covers the whole scope of the Gulf Province Youth Development programmes. It also covers information of successful and unsuccessful youth projects, reasons, issues and problems surrounding the provincial youth developmental activities, statistics and data, information on funds and other related matters, plans and programmes and current raising issues and problems. The profile is targeted at certain level of human resources ranging from sixteen (16) years old to thirty (30) years old, at all levels of the communities, urban and rural, of educated and uneducated, employed and unemployed, male and female; a clear sense of direction must be a way of a path to lead and guide the youths to prosper for the future, in province and nation building. This component of province/nations population makes up ninety-five percent (95%) needs and aspirations are always year after year not properly addressed, due to factors of constant National Youth Policy changes which affects provincial policies. There must be concrete and stable policy which must be the working foundation. These meaning, youth development services which was first original policy called National Youth Movement Programme and now called National Youth Service. We ought to be very careful in our planning, because in the time of Independence life style was different, compared today where life is very much different. New technology is creeping in very fast and developments are taking place, effects of the developments are now affecting lives of the young people. Where is and what is the future of our young people. In other words where are these group of people heading to? The question now lies with us the decision makers, policy makers and implementors. GULF PROVINCE AND HER YOUTHS Gulf Province is a complex province, with a population of 84,000; seventy five (75%) percent of the total population is made up of young people (youths) ages ranging from (16) sixteen to (30) thirty years old. The geographical formation of the province is slice with rivers and creeks, swamps, hills and mountains, isolates and parted villages from one another. This makes it difficult to mobilises provincial activities, however despised the natural geographical setup attempts of the provincial authority is always anticipated. Young people today measured in every community, urban and rural are very sophisticated in Gulf Province. Their behaviours and characteristics do not warrant and apply to the community cultures and tradition norms. It creates conflicts in their beliefs. To date when you are travelling to the villages and urban communities, this is what you would hear"1942 IDEAS", from the young people and"FULL OF KNOWLEDGE BUT KNOW NOTHING", from old people. What does these two words means; 1942 IDEAS simply means, ideas out of date, and FULL OF KNOWLEDGE BUT KNOW NOTHING, meaning; knows too much but does very little or nothing. Today when you go through every villages of Gulf Province, twelve (12) hours of a day and eight (8) hours of a night is spend listening to music from stereo radio in groups of four (4) to ten (10). The question now is"where are we heading to?" GULF PROVINCE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT Registrations Gulf Province has a total of One Thousand Six Hundred (1600) youth groups, from the last statistical figures produced in 1992, both registered and unregistered youth groups. Since inception of the National Youth Movement Programme and until now total registered youth groups throughout the province is six hundred and thirty-two (632). The groups are comprised of, Self-sponsored, (established of one or more common interests), CHURCH SPONSORED (spiritual development interests), CHARITY (charity interests). However, out of the six hundred and thirty-two registered youth groups, twenty-six (26) have been funded under the National Youth Movement Programme. These groups participate in various community oriented activities such as :- a) Spiritual activities b) Economic activities c) Social activities, so far d) Cultural activities Many of this groups have defunct due to lost of interest, others survive by name, members or leaders all gone, few exist by leaders or members only. However amongst all the funded youth groups only one survived and that is MILAKERA youth group; registration number (10) C/R 22/94, ventured into a timber project. Today this group supplies government agents, residents of Kerema town and nearby communities. From the revenue raised, they have also established canteen and fish shop. The group has employed youths of twelve (12) who are paid fortnightly, others on hired purposes when required. However, the last funding of youth projects was in 1993, until now from date of this report is nil. GULF PROVINCE YOUTH TODAY A vision is a plan of action. Aim is a direction of action and a goal is result of a action. These three components of a action is missing in every single villages of Gulf Province in the hearts of a youth, because of following reasons :- 1 Sense of Direction No proper directions provided by the parents, government agents, churches, decision makers, policy makers, policy makers, churches, NGOs. 2 Lack of Care As mentioned earlier and above, nobody really cares, whether a youth does right thing or a wrong thing, no comments of appreciatation or advice for improvement. 3 Lack of Resources : No avenues or facilities is provided for the youths to obtain for usage, meaning funds, transport, equipment etc. Example for a bank loan security is asked for. 4 Leadership Leadership is also lacking for mobilisation of young people, or managing of activities. 5 Management Management and controlling of projects lacks such personnel or lack of knowledge. These group of people are lost, they themselves do not really know where they are heading to. PROBLEMS AND ISSUES As a result of these, many have got themselves involved in many activities which are unwarranted and unacceptable by the citizens of the community. When I am talking about problems and issues, I mean the following :- 1 Smoking of marijuana in every villages of Gulf Province and Institutions (schools). 2 Drug Trafficking - has rapidly increased in the province, even going out to overseas through Australia. 3 Raping is also increasing very rapidly. 4 Smoking Behaviours in every villages by very young ages is also a problem, age ranging from ten (10) years and up. 5 Sexual assaults - with young age girls. These few major alarming problems or issues are now creeping into the province, but experienced at low profile. FUTURE PLANS AND ACTIONS Currently the province has not developed any strategies due to the process of reforms. We want to be very sure of reform, because the reform is not properly and clearly explained and defined especially on, Political, Administrative and Financial Structure. However, routine activities, such as spiritual, cultural, social sporting, economic projects are assisted, not at high rate. FINANCIAL STATUS : It is very sad for the province, because our Provincial Government in past years have been funding youths of the province with five thousands kina (K5,000). It's impossible to do anything with it for a year (12 months). We were covered up by NYMP but when the policies were changed and NYS was introduced, we are clearly seen handicap. However, we have been assisted many times by CHEVRON NIUGINI (Oil Company). I believe, under the Reform change we may be bailed out from our current financial constraints. COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1 National Youth Policies and Strategies are in dark. There is no clear direction, from the National level. 2 If the youth of today is not carefully directed in their attitudes and approach today we are heading for disaster. 3 Consistent and uniform planning for the Nation must be in place immediately and be disseminated to provinces for implementation. 4 National Youth Office should be of assistance in developing provincial policies. Lastly, I would like to thank the organisers of the PNG Mini Youth Conference committee for giving us this great privilege to bring out some of our hidden issues to the light of this conference, to be shared with other sister provinces.
Under the Act of OTML the District Youth Forum was formed under the division of Sports and Recreation. The aims and objectives were to assist the local and surrounding villages and the dependent of the employers. OTML has funded the Forum and all its activities such as Small Scale Businesses, Spiritual Development Sports Development, Youth Projects etc. Activities are:- Sports are played every Tuesdays and Thursdays. Other Recreational activities to keep all youths busy (engage). Spiritual - A/Convention and gospel concert combine youth fellowship etc. Culture Activities and Exchange Programmes. Registration There are twenty nine youth groups. 18 Church Youth Groups. 16 Village Youth Groups. Training and Sponsorship The OTML is really committed in youth development programmes, OTML has sponsored many local youths to university and teachers colleges, national high schools - training etc.
National Youth Service implementation eventuated after the launching in early 1990. Simbu was among other provinces in the country to establish its Provincial Youth Advisory Board and district youth forums in each 7 districts within the province according to NYS act with endorsement from Provincial Executive Council. The Chairmen and Alternates Members were also nominated and endorsed by PEC. (Refer to NYS Act Section 20 Sub Section 1,2,3,4&5). Youth group and registration, awareness on the issue has been carried out by Project Section (Youth In Business) of National Youth Service Commission headed by Theresa Tabel. After that the awareness did not reach the isolated areas after the mini loan scheme due to poor administration and malpractice within the Division of Youth. Screening committees for project submissions and other essential requirements did not meet the criteria established. Therefore with the statements expressed on behalf of S.P.Y.A.B I beg this conference floor for withdrawal of all applicant for group registration including project application to rural development bank for mini loan scheme. The document be withdrawn for reconsideration and special recognition require to be fair with other illiterate youths in the province who were not aware of National Youth Service programme. At the moment Simbu Province is among those provinces still in darkness, as it has no excess to reform and re-structural adjustment under Village Services Programmes. Funds and projects, these two words cannot be expressed longer, since the introduction of NYS the administrative arm of the Youth Division was parasitic on department of Simbu with an unattached Provincial Youth Officer while the executive arms as PYAB and DYF executives were sitting idle till the reforms and structural adjustment occur. The reform task force with approval of the Provincial Executive Council, Senior Bureaucrats headed by :- - Mr. Bruno Garima as Chairman - Mr. Alphonse Kee - Mr. Mathew Keen - Edward Kiza Basing their submission to national executive council referring to the original constitution adopted from organic law (Village Services Act - Sector 29 - Subsection 2) that does not mention youth rep (Composition of LLG) to be in the government. Their submission to NEC for approval of local level government grants was basing on the previous constitution but the recent one is yet to be considered. The alteration of the constitution and the organic law by Hon. Ben Micah and his committee had appeared on the National Government Gazette (Thursday February 3rd 1994). That mentioned under Section 19 Subsection 1 (c) (iii) - (Composition of LLG). One shall represent youth appointed by the Local Level Government in consultation with the Provincial Youth Advisory Board. Therefore, on behalf of the SPYAB I beg your co-operation and assistance from this conference floor in order to make a submission to the national government, authorities (NEC) and department concern to re-instate the youth service in province. To include the youth service into the reforms according to the constitution (Alterations to the Constitutions - PNG National Gazette - Published Thursday 3rd February 1994) NYDF LIMITED SHARES Simbu Provincial Youth Advisory Board has made our way of a five men delegation representing each several district in the province to NYS Commissioner's office and other relevant sources for withdrawal of 353 ordinary shares and its dividend after 11 years of existence. But due to negative respond obtain when notified by the current Commissioner that the business was liquidated during the year 1991, that could also mean that the shares are also dissolved for no value. On behalf of the so called Provincial Youth Advisory Board and the frustrated share holders would like to appeal strongly at this Mini PNG Conference floor on the full progressive report from the company (NYDF Limited) and its financial status and how to benefit the Simbu share holders. For your information, Simbus and the Engans were the leading share holders from this particular company. I beg the support of this conference floor to support the move. REFORMS AND STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT Parliamentary committee several times when touring the districts, the so called youth leaders within the structure of NYS Commission as Chairman of PYAB and DYF has contributed with concrete information powers in order to abolish the provincial government system and to adopt the national government village services scheme into new reforms and decentralisation of powers to local level government that youth representative a district youth forum chairmen's constituted under NYS Act Section 20 could also be in the local level government constitutional amendments section 19 subsection 1 (c) (iii) (Composition of local level government). However, the structural adjustment been managed by the provincial reform task force consist of senior bureaucrats within the department of Simbu nominated by the Provincial Executive Council that made arrangements for approval to implement the reforms and its structural adjustment that exclude the youth service in the Simbu Province. Therefore I beg this PNG Mini Conference floor to adopt supportive resolution for inclusion of youth service in Simbu and other provinces which had been neglected under the reforms and structural adjustment that also bridges the organic law of the country in certain areas. The petition containing conference resolution and other back up documents could be presented to the reliable sources for deep consideration. A petition be lead by the SPYAB executive to the governor and administrator concerned for inclusion of youth service into their government re-structure. There should be six months again for re-structure including youth service in the neglected province. COMMENTS AND ISSUES 1. The charter draft is recognised and fully endorsed by the Simbu delegation for the 3rd Global Youth Conference. Due to poor management of Youth Affairs, lack of funds that effect the youth services in the province and country. Therefore, suggestion expressed for NYS to affiliate with international organisation and be the facilitator of youth service in the country. 2. This Mini PNG Conference to adopt several resolution for better implementation of youth service in the country. 3. Why is NYS in total darkness and all major function within the province cease for further action. Fresh awareness to be manage for youth group and registration. 4. NYDF shares. Simbu, 353 ordinary share holders are alarmed by withdrawal of its shares with dividend for the period of 11 years. 5. Reforms and its re-structural adjustment in the Simbu Province by the provincial reform task force that exclude the youth service. The administrational structure and the executive arm was revoked for no youth service and other essential service to be implemented progressively. The resolution of this conference would endorse submission by the NYS Commissioner to be presented to the National Department of Personnel Management for re-consideration and approval. A petition is also to be presented to the provincial authorities concerned for approval and to include youth service in the Simbu Province and other neglected districts and community to cope with the reform and its structural adjustment. NEW IRELAND PROVINCIAL REPORT Patrick Lewen Provincial Advisor This brief covers primarily basic data in relation to the development so far on the staging of the PNG Mini Conference on the National Youth Services and the stand of the province in relation to the same. To date, we have not been briefed by staff of the Secretariat, nor been informed of what is to happen apart from what we have received by mail to date. The conference is staged not as an initiative of the Government to bring Youth Leaders in to a forum to discuss issues as it should, but rather as a special project organised and funded under the auspices of the 3rd Global Youth Conference. The Objectives of the Conference are multiple, however primarily, the Conference aims to be an avenue for Youth Leaders to discuss local issues affecting them and to assess their status in relation to the Global Youth Movement. The Conference will object itself to identify, formulate and finally endorse a NYS Local Action Plan which should be conducive to the visions of the current Reforms at Local Level Government Systems. The Conference has further objects for the acceptance and adoption of the Charter on the International Association for National Youth Service and for a proposal that a permanent Secretariat be established for the Association. With the above objectives in mind, this only confirms the scenario that we are not called in to"discuss" local issues but to satisfy the requirements of the staging of the 3rd Global Youth Conference. It has been said that it is mandatory that every province submit a provincial profile on the current programmes undertaken to compliment the Reforms. New Ireland could not come up with a profile with the basic rationale that since the Reforms were introduced and the issues relating to the same were realised, the province, as in many other provinces just not had the time or the environment conducive enough to formulate, let alone develop and implement new initiative. The province however, has examined various avenues it may pursue but this is still subject to the approval of the Administration and the endorsement of the Provincial Government. Nothing very much can be discussed in relation to the Charter until we have been fully briefed on the intention and purpose of the same. The draft Charter by an uneducated perusal, is nothing more than the repeat of the now "defunct" National Youth Service Programme that we once had in place. The only difference is that now we are talking about a Global approach rather than a Local one. The question that still lingers in our Youths minds is - "If we cannot continue to develop, maintain and sustain our own National Youth Service, established under an Act of Parliament, through continuous funding of programmes etc., why go GLOBAL".
Youth movement was the term used after World War 1 for organised groups of young people who began to seek political influences through various planned campaigns in Europe. In 1944 in U.S. Canada, Youth for Christ was formed. It was a non-profit organisation by interdenominational group specialised in teen-age evangelism. The local interdenominational groups sponsored youth rallies, high school clubs, and camps designed to supplement the work of local churches. Since I am an Anglican Priest representing the Non Government Organisation especially the 4 main line churches operating in the Northern Province, and the Anglican Youth that dominates the Province, I wish to introduce our Anglican Youth care Programme Motto to the delegates have attending the PNG Mini Youth Conference. The motto is "TO LIVE LIFE IN ITS FULLNESS". As you can see from the map attached, the Anglican church covers the whole Province with its youth activities while our other sister Churches like United, Catholic and Lutheran mostly involve with the urban youths. However, my concern and recommendations in this report is on behalf of my 4 main line churches and I also represent them here in the PNG Mini youth Conference as their Deputy Chairman of Popondetta Minister's Fraternal. With my involvement with other Churches in our Ecumenical Services, workshops and Crusades, I thank God, that he has blessed out youth groups with men and women gifted in so many different areas - preaching, teaching, caring, helping, music, drama, dance, administration, language translation..... the list is very long in the Northern Province. Lets share and grow in the gifts that God has given us within our own church groups, and with other Church groups in the Community, Province and Nation as a whole. WHERE WERE WE IN OUR YOUTH MINISTRY IN THE PAST Since the establishment of Youth by the Government and by the Church in 1980s', the National Government had played its part financially and in manpower for the Youth development. However, the ups and downs in Church youth activities in the Province were; (a) No proper co-ordination by the NGO with the Government Organisation. (b) Communication break-down between the Government and Non Government Organisation. (c) No proper accountability within the NGO (i.e. Church run Youth). WHERE ARE WE NOW IN YOUTH MINISTRY According to the 1990 census there were 65,434 people in the Oro Province who chose to register themselves and their children as members of the Anglican Church. (Short notice to collect figures for other 4\3 Churches), 48, 099 of these registered as Anglicans were below the age of 30 years (29,290 in the 0-14 years age group, and 18,809 in the 15-29 year age group). The Anglican Church in the Northern Province (Popondetta Diocese) has thirty-two Parishes. Each of these has an elected"parish Youth Co-ordinator and in accordance with the new Reform System of Provincial and Local Level Government, two Diocesan Youth Co-ordinators have been elected - one for Ijivitari and one for Sohe. The Diocese of Popondetta also has the Diocesan Youth Chaplain. The thirty-two Parishes have been grouped into twelve zones. The Goals for Church Youth Ministry - To provide its youth members a programme of caring, nurture and growth,, that as a family they may have life in all its fullness in Jesus Christ. The major activity is a youth fellowship which helps its members, turn away from their bad habits and ultimately lie in good life, of public worship, private and ultimately live in good life, of public worship, private prayer, bible reading and bible study. It helps to develop values of caring, sharing, belongingness and responsibility. We the church run youth believe that youth fellowship calls for and makes young people disciples to follow and serve Jesus in the family, in the community, in the church, in the Province and in the National as a whole. However, the main purpose of the Church run youth is to encourage, develop and resource the Christian faith and life of our young people in this Nation. CHURCH RUN YOUTH ACTIVITIES NOW Since the establishment of Ecumenical meeting in 1990 by the 4 main line churches which later in 1991 changed to the Minister's Fraternal the Churches in the Northern Province grow in understanding and now working closely with other groups e.g.. CRC, AOG etc.) Government bodies and private enterprises in the spirit of co-operation, mutual understanding and respect for each others positions. The Church run youth work closely with each other in activities such as:- Ecumenical Fellowship Ecumenical Crusades Ecumenical Services Ecumenical Workshops Guest Speakers from other Churches Youth Meetings Youth Retreats Youth Camps The above mentioned activities especially the Ecumenical Crusades and Workshops are funded by the Ministers Fraternal. I take this opportunity to thank the National Government through Hon. David Unagi MP and Minister for Home Affairs and Youth for allocating K10,000.00 from this years budget to the Ministers Fraternal. Apart from the spiritual activities, the Church run fundraising activities. The main fund raising activities are; Chicken projects, contract work for Local Level Government, e.g. grass cutting, contract work for National Works, selling betelnut, selling garden produce, taps cloth and necklaces. RECOMMENDATIONS The present law and order problems in the Province and in our Nation of PNG hindering the Nations' development is not caused by our fathers and grand-fathers in the villages. They are caused by our young unfortunate boys and girls. The Government cannot solve the law and order problems with the bullets. But I am sure that the Church can do better and at least minimise the situation with the Word of God. If the National, Provincial and Local Level of Government work closely with the Church, inject more funds to the Church direct to the Ministers Fraternal, the Church would be in a better position financially to solve the Law and Order problems and build our National with good Christian young people. The following programmes are recommended for National Youth Development. 5.1 Spiritual Growth : To encourage youths to grow with grace and love of Christ by knowing Him more personally and deepening our Christian discipleship, studying God's will and purpose revealed in Christ ad through His Church, and by active participation in worship and Sacraments. We also seek to make Jesus Known through evangelistic and spiritual renewal programmes and share in fellowship with other Churches. 5.2 Social Maturity : To encourage the youth to grow in the grace and love of Christ and in their relationship with others in love and in fellowship, teach them to be aware of their social responsibility in promoting good Citizenship and brotherhood among people, and making themselves as leaders in the community. Organise workshops and teach the young people on: -Leadership -Office administration -Organising meeting -Organise welcome parties for Church and Government -Officials and VIPs -To entertain visitors and VIPs. 5.3 Educational Enrichment : To organise educational activities to grow in knowledge and skills as to open the minds and hearts of the young people to the rich opportunities for learning through doing, observing, sharing, self-teaching to develop practical skills and leadership qualities. To organise workshops for all young people on certain topics beneficial to the life and interest of the young people such as:- -Counselling -Family health, drug and nutrition -Marriage, etc. To organise debates, forum, panel/group discussions. Community Service and Outreach To encourage young people to involve in community services (labour of love) and outreach to grow in love and sacrificial giving through service, enabling people to help themselves and each other in their needs and to help the community advance through self help and co-operation. To encourage young people to provide service to their Local Churches, Parishes, in cleaning, maintaining the Church building, purchase musical instruments and provide music during worships. Cultural Emphasis To encourage the young people to grow in appreciation of their rich cultural heritage through cultural activities, cultural workshop, and encourage the young people to participate in cultural celebrations. To encourage the young people the traditional arts and crafts using traditional materials and encourage the young people to be creative enough to produce attractive arts and crafts with designs. Political Involvement To provide ongoing political education to the young people and educate them the political party system and the formation of Government and Opposition in the Parliament because the young people are the future leaders of the Nation. Under the National Government Reforms on Provincial and Local Level Government System, the International Association for National Youth Service if and when established recommend to the National Executive Council youth members from 20 Provinces to be appointed to the Provincial and Local Level Government, so that the young people may equally participate in the political development in the Nation. CONCLUSION As Christians and when we are concern with"Youth in National Development" we should look to Jesus Christ as our Example our model. And as we get involve with young people we should look at and study His youth and try to pattern ourselves, our young peoples lives and the activities they may do for National Development. The hidden years in Jesus life is what we as leaders should be interested in because as Government and NON Government Organisation we ought to be concerned about young people aged 13 to 29, if youth is a matter of age ratter than a state of heart and mind. Jesus grew both in body and in wisdom, gaining favour with God and men (LK:2:52). Here is the young Jesus growing physically, in body, growing intellectually, in wisdom; growing spiritually and growing socially gaining favour with God and men. Jesus is here described as young man developing into a full example of well-balanced, integrated, total human being. Do we, the Government and Non-Government Organisations really care about the country's youth. We too often call them lazy, aimless, unenthusiastic criminals, a bunch of heartless robbers and rapists. The onus of proofs is on the leaders in the Church and Government and also to the parents. Why should the youth seek to be part of a society that all too often rejects them utterly? Let us not just stand and watch our young God created people going from bad to worse, but let's do something constructively towards the National development: (Read Matthew 25:31-46). "..... When Lord, did we ever see you hungry or thirsty or a strange one naked or sick one in prison, and we would not help you?" The King will reply. "I tell you, whenever you refused to help one of these least important ones, you refused to help me ( Mt, 25:44-46).
PROJECTS Wok Gaden : Narapela Wok Lifestock : -Potato -Kontrak wok long taun -Tomato -Bungim empty botol Pig -Kabis -Tyre repair Bulmakau -Kaliflaua -Salim fuel Kakaruk -Brokoli Fish -Juvini Honi - Bee -Kapsikum Rabit -Letis Pato -Pyrethrum -Onion -Pinat -Painapel -Buai AKTIVITIS Social : Spiritual : -Pri Skul Tisa -Chairsmatic grup -Wok Marimari -Sande Skul -Komuniti Wok -Redim na go pas long lituji -Sports -Wok Lijen -Ex-criminal task force -As Katolik Komunity (BCC) -Miss Katolik quest -Ritrit -Culture show -Autim gutnius (Evangelisation) -Drama -Antioch -Visitim Kalabusman -Baibel quiz -Visitim Hausik -Gospel Drama -Exchange Visit -R.I. -Youth Rally -Outreach TRENING POSIBILITIS Pastoral Kos Vocation Campus Redim Marit Coconut Oil Autim Gutnius Kos Book bining Personal Integration P.I Grafting, Budding Integral Human Developmet IHD Kitting Lidasip Kos Mushrooms Music Kos Fruit Juices AIDS Soft Drings Drugs Jam Enviroment Awarness Touch typing Political Awarness Brick making Wok Didima Kos Tile making Basic Book Keeping Sea Salt Sawing Kos blg ol meri Library/Reading room Wokim Kendel Mobile library First Aid Training - Luteran Church Keeping minutes Game Referee Kos Organisation building Comunication Kos Study metods: note taking, Memory Self Defence Mats from: Grass, weeds, plastics From Coir: Mats, ropes, carpets Hand pump Solar drier for fruits, fish Solar water heater Sport coaching Mobile X-Mas crib Child - care, nutrition Saving Banks Traditional sports Mobile Exhibition Examination techniques Public speaking Conducting meetings Computer literacy ORGANISATION : Nogat Komitment Gutpela relationship Nogat wok bung wantaim/unity Wok bung wantaim Toktok nating - nogat wok Action oriented programme Nogat komunikesen Selfrelince Nogat selfsupporting projects Outreach Ministry Nogat maket Daun pasin Komitment/kooperesen Laikim narapela Komunikesen Harim tok bilong narapela Bihainim tok - respect Pasin bilong skelim gut toktok na pasin Gutpela structure Coordination SIOS Nogat Komuniesen Financial support - Bishop, Pater, Papamama Nogat wok bung wantaim Community i givem han Wantaim Sios i luksave - yut em i sios Yut ban wantaim katekis bilong tumoro Nogat bung wantaim narapela sios Sios i larim yut long mekim pastoral wok Nogat pasin bung wantaim Wok bung wantaim chaplain Nogat responsibility Sios i sapotim trening programs Nogat Diocesan Account blong Youth Voluntia wok Nogat organisation na Catholic youth office i stap Nogat collaboration Strong influence long gavman Ol arapela yut grup Trustworthy people Manmeri bilong wok Nogat wantok system Gutpela transport - 2 - way radio Gutpela structure Facilities to use qualified people Training centres Spirit of equality Justice and peace Work for poor and weak Contacts with other countries and organisations SOCIAL Nogat awarness long social issues Music Nogat support blong papamana na Sports komunity Community wok Nogat moni blong mekim wok awarness Awarness Campaign Mi no save long rit na rait Bung wantaim arapela manmeri Sem pasin Skerim tingting na wok Nogat support - finance Helpim Wok bilong narapela Nogat"kisim save" trening Tokples skul Nogat support Laik long development Nogat formation Desire for peace Readiness to work Desire for self reliance GAVMAN Nogat komunikesen Helpim i kam long catholic public servants Nogat kooperesen Technical assistence officers Nogat support Financial support Wantok system Law and order awarness Baim yangpela long mekim wok Town Commission i helpim yut long Painim hat long filim project form kontract wok wantok system tasol Radio programme bilong ol yut - Nogat support long selfreliance Madang via Vanimo Nogat toktok long gutpela samting na National Memba support samting nogut (honesty) Road system Corruption/bribery Wireless communication Honesty Deocracy Media Freedom to speak, publish, gather, Self support movment,safe travel Education facilities.
SOCIAL CONTEXT PROBLEM : Outside influence have brought many changes. Our opportunities are more limited and we feel rejected. St. Gerard Parish covers approximately one tenth of the Diocese of Daru-Kiunga. The Co-Cathedral of St. Gerard is situated at the Mission compound in the South West end of Town and Northern part of Western Province. St. Gerard has 17 villages : 9 Awin, 7 Yongom and 1 Boazi. (Dome, Tmoknai and Somoekwankia Villages of Matkomnai Parish have been added recently). There are 20 Corners divided into FOUR ZONES : 6 Awin, 10 Yongom, 1 Mandobo, 2 Ningerum and 1 of mixed tribes (Sawagos). Of these, 11 Villages and 11 Corners have been visited for the Parish Youth Movement Analysis and Diagnosis questionnaires. As youth we easily leave our villages for schooling. Living with relatives in town or in boarding schools, we spend a good part of the year away from our family, often returning for the long school break only. Once our schooling is finished, even if we return to our village, we come into town on weekends to spin around with friends or remain in town for a certain time hoping to find a job. Coming from remote villages, our visits to town are limited : We come for market, to buy goods and to return after a short time. Gathering Places When town, as youth, we gather mainly around stores during the day and in sport areas at the end of the afternoon but we have privileged places where we also gather to discuss different problems concerning ourselves. We often spin around town without any specific objective, hoping to meet friends. In Corners, the canteen area is a gathering place; while in remote villages, we meet on the sport ground coming back from the bush. A certain number of us also meet for church services and with our communities in villages and corners, sometimes for small group meetings or for community activities. Ethnic Groups Being of the educated generation, we are use to mixing with different ethnic groups. Our common language is English although most of us can speak Pidgin, our own language, and often one or two other languages. All can speak at least three to five languages. Very few of us speak Motu, which is the common language of the elders. Teachers and Nurses, who usually come from other provinces also have an influence on us : our contact with their youth opens us to other cultures, but the influence of the Western Culture is our common ground. Ecology Awareness of the environment is growing among us as we better understand the causes and impact of the mining and logging companies on our traditional ways of living. We are worried and concerned about the destruction of our environment, knowing that pollution is affecting us. Water, land and air pollution are a menace to our immediate health and future. Our water sources and gardens are wasted. More and more, we are able to discuss, with our communities, these problems which affect not only our immediate environment but the whole country and future generations. Demographic Situation : Our Parish is composed of approximately 765 families without counting the two Matkomnai villages added recently. We form about 50% of the population. Some of our villages are left with elders only, for young schooling of their children. We youth prefer living in Town where we have easy access to modern facilities such as hospital, stores and gathering places for sports, disco dancing and mixing with other youth and friends. In remote villages, we are part of the community and share in its daily activities. Some of us who have gone to school have stayed in Town looking for jobs and return to the village a few times a year only. Some of our families come from other provinces because of their work as teachers, government agents or company employed. We live in town sometimes for a few months or a few years and move on. As for us refugee youth, we participate in certain Parish activities although we are not an integral part of it. SOCIO-POLITICAL SITUATION PROBLEM : We have lost trust in our leaders. But our limited education does not allow us to know and exercise our rights. Awareness As youth, we are aware that the financial crisis and pollution are the biggest problems our Country and Province are facing today. We would like to discuss, among us, political issues that affect our people, land and welfare. We are also aware of our rights and duties as citizens of Papua New Guinea. We have the duty to speak out for our rights and to defend our country. We are free to own land, express our opinions, practice our religion and traditions, vote, be educated, run businesses and move around freely. We are able to change things in our communities when we get together to work, share ideas, initiate projects and speak out when there is injustice or situations that affect the good of the community. But, many of us still feel that we cannot easily share our thoughts or speak freely for we are not respected as full members of the community because we are still youth. Leadership We have lost all trust in our Provincial and National Government leaders who do not work for the people but misuse public moneys and abuse their power. There is little concern for youth: no funds available and we are easily forgotten in the Government planning. State Structures Education is very important to gain knowledge, to be useful and bring changes to our society. It helps us to learn new skills and opens us to the outside world. Because of this, our communities have high expectations on those of use who have had the chance to further their studies. Unfortunately, some of us are illiterate, have never gone to school, can neither read or write. We are also aware that our educational system does not meet our needs. Grade six to grade ten leavers cannot get jobs. Higher education is needed to gain the required skills. Few High Schools and Training centres are available in the Province and even in the Country. If we had a choice, many of us would like to continue our studies to acquire the necessary skills for the work we would like to do. But, C.O.D.E. is our only way to continue our studies if we are not accepted into High School or Vocational School. We have dreams of becoming Doctors and Nurses, Lawyers, Politicians, Business men and women, carpenters, mechanics, technicians, secretaries and teachers, so as to become better citizens and help build our country. We realise that this is not possible for us without studies. We are aware of the Education reform and this gives hope for the future. But, what is the future for us, the youth of today who are limited in their resources and cut off from their dreams for a better life? Youth Office The Youth office in Kiunga is unknown to many of us. those of us who are aware of its existence are not informed of its use. Some of us have tried to get services but it is not effective. The Police Force The Police Force should help to maintain Law and Order, protect people and their property but they fail to do their duty and abuse of their power. There are often injustice and they are not very effective in their duties because of the wantok system. Youth are often belted when taken in for an offence whether they are guilty or not. We have lost trust in our Police force because many of them drink and are involved in drugs and crime. The administration of justice through the Courts is often based on the wantok system. The Law and Order Committee The Law and Order Committee in Villages and Corners are doing good work: they advise and discipline us to avoid police action when it is possible. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION PROBLEM : We lack self-discipline and training. Few opportunities are available to us and we don't get involved. Living in Town Living in town is very expensive. We need money for everything. The majority of us have no jobs, lack funds and skills to start small businesses and often cannot even help our families to buy food or other essentials. Yet, it is important to live in Town to be able to find a job. Western ways have created needs that we do not have in Villages. We dream of getting many things: tape recorders, radios, watches, shoes, clothing, sweets etc. Often, when we cannot buy these, we steal them. Some of us are involved in organised crime, such as break and entry, to make our money. Some of us have to steal for food if family and relatives or friends cannot feed us. Staying in Town instead of returning to our Village, after schooling, can be very demanding on our relatives where often there are too many families in one house. Some of us return to our village because we cannot survive in Town. Many activities, such as videos, disco dancing, organised sports attract us. some of us from the villages come in regularly to be part of these youth gatherings. On the other hand, where youth gather, there is often heavy drinking and drugs (marijuana) that lead to fighting and rape. Some among us have even killed. Dreaming If we had K1000 we would start small businesses or projects, invest our money, buy a motor, pay bride-price or share it with our family to meet their needs. Some of us would continue our studies to gain skills for better job opportunities. Jobs Unemployment, lack of skills, of schooling and often because of the wantok system, we have a very hard time to find jobs in Town. Those of us who have found jobs often lose them or go from job to job for short periods of time. Youth projects - Some of us have been involved in small business through special Youth Funding from the Government and OTML; small canteens, fishing projects, tire repairs, selling kerosene, and organising youth bands. These have not survived, except the youth bands, because of mismanagement. Adults have often used youth funds for their own interests. Today, government funding for youth has been cut and the new programs are not effective or have never been implement.
GEORGE H. WRONDIMI, Conference Facilitator
John Evans email@example.com re conference address ver 2.1
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